Forests and peasant politics in modern France by Tamara L. Whited

Cover of: Forests and peasant politics in modern France | Tamara L. Whited

Published by Yale University Press in New Haven .

Written in English

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  • Savoie (France),
  • Ariège (France),
  • France,
  • France.


  • Reforestation -- France -- History,
  • Forests and forestry -- Political aspects -- France,
  • Peasantry -- France -- Political activity,
  • Land tenure -- Social aspects -- France,
  • Alpine regions -- France -- History,
  • Savoie (France) -- History,
  • Ariège (France) -- History

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementTamara L. Whited.
SeriesYale agrarian studies series, Yale agrarian studies.
LC ClassificationsSD409 .W45 2000
The Physical Object
Paginationxii, 274 p. :
Number of Pages274
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL6785101M
ISBN 100300082274
LC Control Number00038152

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This book is an environmental and political history of the disputes over the uses of mountains and forests in France from the mid-nineteenth century to the eve of World War II.

Grounded in detailed case studies of two highland communities―Jarrier in Savoie and Massat in Ariège―the book sheds new light on one of the most pronounced Cited by:   Forests and Peasant Politics in Modern France.

Tamara L. Whited. View Inside Format: Cloth Price: $ YUP. This book is an environmental and political history of the disputes over the uses of mountains and forests in France from.

Get this from a library. Forests and peasant politics in modern France. [Tamara L Whited] -- "Confronting an ecological crisis inFrench officials initiated an unprecedented policy of alpine reforestation.

Forests and peasant politics in modern France book The Alps, Pyrenees, and Massif Central mountains were fragile and degraded.

Forests and Peasant Politics in Modern France. January ; Publisher: Yale University Press; ISBN: The book shows how today's most pressing resource policy challenges are best. Forests and Peasant Politics in Modern France (Yale Agrarian Studies Series) (Hardcover) By Tamara L.

Whited. Yale University Press,pp. Publication Date: Octo Genre/Form: Electronic books History: Additional Physical Format: Print version: Whited, Tamara L. Forests and peasant politics in modern France. New Haven: Yale University Press, © Tamara L. Whited, Forests and Peasant Politics in Modern France, New Haven and London, Yale University Press, pp.

£ 0 4. Forests and Peasant Politics in Modern France. By Tamara L. Whited. New Haven, CT and London: Yale University Press, Pp.

xii, France achieved national unity much later than is commonly supposed. For a hundred years and more after the Revolution, millions of peasants lived on as if in a timeless world, their existence little different from that of the generations before them. The author of this lively, often witty, and always provocative work traces how France underwent a veritable crisis of civilization in the early /5(2).

We asked some writers to name the best novels about life in rural France apart from the classic A Year in Provence. Here's what they came up with.

(And no, there are no books. The book's central contention is that there are fundamental links between state formation, elite politics, popular protest, and the construction of Mexico's modern political culture.

Various elite groups advanced different models of the state, which in turn had different implications for, and impacts on, the lives of Mexico's lower classes.

Read this book on Questia. Read the full-text online edition of Peasants in the Modern World (). Home» Browse» Books» Book details, Peasants in the Modern World.

The peasant is a rural native whose long established order of life takes important account of the city. "These essays are of uniformly high quality, scholarly in tone, while addressing concerns of utmost importance for an understanding of Middle East politics. [The editors] provide an excellent overview and there-after the reader is treated to historical and comparative studies that are very informative.

A first-rate collection."--Foreign Affairs Contents 1. “The modern European state has lived upon a reservoir of soldiers and electors provided by the peasantry, but the peasants have remained the object of politics and not its master,” states Suzanne Berger.

One of the few political scientists and students of the modernization process to look at the peasant–state relationship in the old. History of Europe - History of Europe - Landlords and peasants: The growing population in the 16th century and the larger concentrations of urban dwellers required abundant supplies of food.

In the course of the century, wheat prices steadily rose; the blades of late medieval price scissors once more converged. Money again flowed into the countryside to pay for food, especially wheat.

The forest, he argues, was therefore coded female in peasant culture, even if peasant men were the usual cultivators. The War of the Demoiselles, therefore, can be read as a form of charivari, in which peasant men sought possession and control over a feminine forest in the same way as a traditional charivari expressed male control over the.

The peasant revolt moved the revolution from the cities to the most remote rural areas. The peasant revolt also pushed the revolution out of the mere political arena in Paris by violently confronting the nobles who had so long persecuted and used them.

An uprising of the peasantry was not an assured matter. Her book has important things to tell us about the links between politics, society, and economy, and the history of (un)sustainable resource management at the dawn of the modern age." Jeremy L.

Caradonna, University of Alberta and University of Victoria "Forests in Revolutionary France represents an impressive s: 1. Forests People and Power book. The Political Ecology of Reform in South Asia. Forests People and Power.

DOI link for Forests People and Power. the debate over who should control South Asia s forests is of tremendous political significance. This book provides an insightful and thorough assessment of important forest management transitions.

Peasant and French examines the relationship between French peasants and the development of the French national identity during the nineteenth century. Drawing on methods from cultural studies, social history and a broad range of literary and archival sources, Lehning argues that modern France Price: $ We argue that war, insurgency, and counterinsurgency helped normalize political forests as components of the modern nation-state during and in the aftermath of violence.

The political violence also enabled state-based forestry to expand under the rubric of scientific forestry. France - France - Daily life and social customs: In comparison with the immediate postwar era, the French now devote far more time to leisure and cultural pursuits, largely as a result of a shorter workweek, more years spent in education, and greater affluence.

The increasing emphasis on home entertainment provided by television, stereo, and personal computers has not reduced cinema or.

History of Peasant Revolts: The Social Origins of Rebellion in Early Modern France. By Yves-Marie Berce (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, x plus pp.

$/cloth $/paper). This is an abridged and translated edition of Berce's 2 volume, page, these entitled Histoire de Croquants: Etude des soulevements populaires au. Peasant politics changed accordingly, and so did deeper aspects of peas-ant culture, which Weber examines in Part Three.

The spread of urban values dislodged traditional peasant customs and forms of expression. Folklore ceased to be a living tradition and became a relic from the past, preserved by children and ethnographers. Even friendship.

From a cultural and historical-sociological perspective, the Danish nationstate of today represents a rare situation of virtual identity between state, nation, and society, which is a more recent phenomenon than normally assumed in Denmark and abroad.

Furthermore, it provides and appropriate testing ground for more general theories of peasant movements and popular revolts. Using manuscript materials in French national and departmental archives that cover all the major areas of revolt, the author examines the insurrection in depth on a national scale.

period, shaping the social, cultural, and political fabric of peasant life in Europe. Additionally, the church played an important role in determining a peasant’s economic fate. Although the church itself was exempt from paying taxes, peasants were responsible for paying approximately ten percent of their earnings (e ither in cash or.

This book explains how it was done. There has been a political entity looking vaguely like modern France back to the late days of the Roman Republic yet as late as Napoleon's time, being French was mostly a construct. Yet by it was quite s: Millions of Javanese peasants live alongside state-controlled forest lands in one of the world's most densely populated agricultural regions.

Because their legal access and customary rights to the forest have been severely limited, these peasants have been pushed toward illegal use of forest resources. Rich Forests, Poor People untangles the complex of peasant and state politics that has. France under the new monarchy, until the approach ofstill preserved most of the characteristics of the ancien régime.

III Finally one permanent trait of the economic and social history of France was strikingly revealed in the eighteenth century. This was the strengthening and perpetuation of the system of peasant ownership.

The Chipko activists of s and ‘80s India saved their forests by calling attention to the deep interdependence between humans and the natural world.

But, as economist D. Tewari writes, the most significant tree huggers in modern history, Bringing France Back into American History. Nationalism and the Peasant Movements The impoverishment of the Indian peasantry was a direct result of the transformation of the agrarian structure due to: Colonial economic policies: Ruin of the handicrafts leading to overcrowding of land, The new land revenue system, Colonial administrative and judicial system.

The peasants suffered from high rents, illegal levies, arbitrary. Mexican peasant politics. A Brief History of Peasant Mobilization in the Laguna To analyze the current complex of competing peasant or-ganizations in the Laguna, we must look back to the decades preceding the agrarian reform of when the agricultural workers of the Laguna's cotton estates were first mobilized by urban workers and city-wise.

This book gives a highly detailed look about Robespierre and illustrates his growing rift between associates. The last chapters especially pages onward illustrate Robespierre’s political views and the change that would occur caused by both political and social pressures that led.

Yet with every passing year, climate change cuts into tropical forests’ capacity to operate as a safe, natural carbon capture and storage system. Science, economics, and politics are now aligned to support a major international effort to protect tropical forests.

A peasant is a pre-industrial agricultural laborer or a farmer with limited land-ownership, especially one living in the Middle Ages under feudalism and paying rent, tax, fees, or services to a landlord.

In Europe, three classes of peasants existed: slave, serf, and free ts may hold title to land either in fee simple or by any of several forms of land tenure, among them socage. Peasant women worked in the fields when they were needed. They also cared for their children, their homes, and livestock.

Along with the work they performed, peasants and serfs might owe the lord numerous taxes. There was a yearly payment called “head money,” at a fixed amount per person.

In his introduction to the edition of his novel Pig Earth – the first in a trilogy chronicling the decline of peasant life in Europe in the 20th century – John Berger makes a distinction between what he calls a “culture of progress” and a “culture of survival”.

The culture of progress, he says, “was born with the bourgeoisie as an ascendant class, and has been taken over by. Bread was literally the staff of life for the 17th century French peasant, but this bread did not resemble the bread that we eat today, nor does it approximate the country or peasant bread that we see in upscale whole food markets.

It was often cut with stalks, chaff (the scaly casings of the seeds of cereal grain), grass, tree bark, and even sawdust, making it nearly inedible. Ian F. Beckett, Modern Insurgencies: Guerilla and their Opponents since (New York: Routledge, ), p.

Political agents are vital in counterinsurgency operations as they form the basis of support among the peasantry. In the later part of the Vietnam war guerilla activity in areas where Combined Action Platoons and Civilian Irregular Defense Groups were developed and employed. Peasant Uprisings in Seventeenth-Century France, Russia, by Roland Mousnier (29 copies) Rebels and Revolutionaries in North China, by Elizabeth J.

Perry (29 copies) Land or Death: The Peasant Struggle in Peru by Hugo Blanco (28 copies).Some scholars like Desai (), Gough () and Guha () have treated tribal movements after independence as peasant movements, but K.S.

Singh () has criticised such approach because of the nature of tribals’ social and political organisation, their relative social isolation from the mainstream, their leadership pattern and the modus operandi of their political mobilisation. The eleven countries that make up the Southeast Asian region provide a rich and diverse context in which to view the development process and experience.

The region spans different cultural contexts, colonial experiences, and economic experiments, and is home to some of the world’s most successful developing economies—the so-styled Asian ‘miracle’ economies—and also some which fall.

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